A Language Comes Into Existence By Means Of Brutal Necessity Gulliver’s Travel As a Symbolical Work

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Gulliver’s Travel As a Symbolical Work

Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) was a writer, journalist and political activist. He is best known for his satirical novel Gulliver’s Travels and his satirical essay A Modest Offer on the Irish Famine. Gulliver’s Travels is a book of fantasy, satire, and political allegory, and is an all-time favorite. He wrote Gulliver’s Travels in 1725 and it was published in 1726. The book was a huge success in the British Empire and earned the author the titles of high-quality and influential writer and commentator. In this book, Gulliver, a surgeon on a merchant ship, travels to four imaginary countries. Thus, the book is divided into four parts. His first voyage is to Lilliputa, whose inhabitants are about six inches tall. His second visit is Brobdingnag, the land of giants. His third visit is to the islands of Laputa and Legedo, where philosophers and scientists live, retaining his love of music and mathematics. His last visit is the land of Honyhnhnms and Yahoos. They are rational and cultured horses, and yahoos are mindless and animalistic people, completely dirty.

Before discussing the symbols of his Gulliver’s Travels, we need to know something about the literary term “symbol”. The word “Symbol” is derived from the Late Latin word “Symbolum”, meaning sign, sign or emblem. This is indeed the decoration of literature. The author uses it to honestly reveal all the hidden things or the philosophy of the work to the readers as they will not face any difficulty to understand. If there were such a thing, the work would not be interesting and useful for representing the age. It is clear that Jonathan Swift used symbols to convey his ideas to the readers, making it easier with his help. All things considered, we can say that a symbol is something that stands for something else. Since Gulliver’s Travels was written with the aim of criticizing modern philosophies and traditions, everything points to something else. Almost every person in this book is defending either a historical figure or an idea.

Let us examine the symbols used in his Gulliver’s Travels.

In the first book, Swift recounts Gulliver’s visit to the Lilliputians, the six-inch inhabitants. They represent the symbol of extreme pride of humanity. The author represents race with irony. He sees that they are clever little creatures, but they are the stock of gossip and conspiracy; nevertheless, they consider themselves great. Gulliver falls under the spell of their vainglory, and although the race has no real physical power over him, he is persuaded by threats of punishment. Gulliver learns more about Lilliputian culture and the great difference between it and the race. This is a blatant satire of the British government. Gulliver finds that Lilliputian government officials are distinguished by their arbitrary and ridiculous rope-dancing skills. This symbolizes England’s arbitrary system of political appointments. The difference in their sizes symbolizes the importance of physical strength. Gulliver is able to crush the Lilliputians by walking recklessly, but they do not realize their own insignificance, symbolizing their small thinking. They keep Gulliver tied up, believing they can control him. Swift makes it symbolic of humanity’s vain claim to power and importance.

Swift is very careful in his use of satire and symbols. The articles that Gulliver signs to gain his freedom represent a meaningless and self-contradictory piece of paper in formal and idiosyncratic language, as Gulliver is a symbol of great power and might. He can break all bonds for his own safety. The history of the conflict between Lilliput and Blefuscu is ridiculous. High Heels and Low Heels symbolize the Whigs and Tories of British politics. Lilliput and Blefuscu symbolize England and France. The violent conflict between the Great Endians and the Little Endians symbolizes the Protestant Reformation and the centuries-long war between Catholics and Protestants. So the history of Europe is like a series of merciless wars over pointless and arbitrary disagreements. The conflict “how one chooses to break an egg” is a symbol of stupidity and meaninglessness. To conclude that there is no right or wrong way of worship is ridiculous and unfounded. Swift suggests that the Christian Bible can be interpreted in more than one way. It is ridiculous for people to argue about how to interpret it when one is not sure that one’s own interpretation is right and others are wrong.

The Lilliputian Emperor is a symbol of tyranny, cruelty, and corruption, and he is engaged in a ceremony that shows the unchanging symbol of bad government. It is also a biting satire on George I, King of England (from 1714 to 1727) for most of Swift’s career. He has no admiration for the king. The empress of Lilliput is Queen Anne, offended by some of Swift’s earlier satires, who hindered Swift’s progress in the Church of England. Gulliver urinating in his neighborhood represents Swift’s Tale of the Tub. The Empress’s distaste for Gulliver’s urination is similar to Queen Anne’s criticism of Swift’s work and her efforts to limit his prospects in the Church of England. In fact, his urination symbolizes his ability to control the Lilliputians. This shows the importance of physical strength. Gulliver points to Blefuscus’s feelings of responsibility towards all beings when he disobeys orders to destroy the emperor’s fleet. Gulliver has the power to change Lilliputian society forever. Between Lilliput and Blefuscu there is a reference to the army, with the armies marching so proudly, symbolizing their patriotic glory. The fact that the Lilliputian emperor asks Gulliver to serve as a sort of temporary Arc de Triomphe for the troops to pass through is a reminder that their grand parade is extremely silly. The war with Blefuscu is a symbol of absurdity emerging from the wounded void. Thus, the Lilliputians symbolize lost human pride, which suggests that Gulliver is unable to diagnose it correctly.

In Book II (Part II), Jonathan Swift tells of Gulliver’s visit to the island of the giants. Here his departure is not a symbol of danger to the Borbdingnaks as in his visit to Lilliput, for the reverse is the case. Borbdingnagians represent English methods. After a brief stint on business, Gulliver is rescued by the king and queen, and he lives a fairly comfortable life at court. He spends most of his time learning the language and talking to the king about life in England. The king appears as a just, merciful ruler, a very sympathetic and humane person. Borbdingnagians, when examined closely, symbolize the personal, private and physical side of man. In Lilliput, Gulliver symbolized god-like power, but here he is a slave and a puppet symbol to perform various tricks on paying audiences. Borbdingnagians do not symbolize negative human characteristics. The behavior of the Borbdingnaks is different and seems more civilized than Gulliver. The Queen’s good will and common sense views towards Gulliver are found. His slavery is virtual, symbolizing the fundamental humanity of the Borbdingnag. So it’s like Europeans who are happy to jump at the chance. She is a golden doll in their hands and is given a comfortable rat-proof crib.

In this book, we find a dwarf who cannot attain the power that usually accompanies great physical size, but he attains the distinction of being completely amoral and symbolizing the politics of those who seek power through difference rather than through physical strength. ordinary. Ladies and their defects symbolize defects upon close enough inspection. Gulliver’s microscopic view of flies and meat symbolizes the discovery of the microscope. At the end of the 17th century, the first publication of books with enlarged pictures took place. Such microscopic views knew the levels of complexity and defect. In his view, the small size of Europeans corresponds to their moral weakness. Gulliver’s offer of gunpowder shows the imperfection of the English. The abdication of the king symbolizes this race as more humane than any other race. This means that evils in this society have been minimized as much as possible. Although this race has achieved a great spiritual achievement, it is not yet perfect.

Gulliver’s third visit is Lupta, which shows Swift’s attack on science and abstract knowledge. Laputa people are a symbol of the stupidity of theoretical knowledge that does not apply to human life. During his journey, his ship was attacked by pirates. He spoke to them in Dutch, but later his exposure of paganism, more compassionate than Christianity, symbolized Swift’s religious faith. On this trip, power is exercised through technology rather than physical measurement. The floating island is both a giant weapon and an allegorical image representing a symbol of the government and the people. In this visit, he talks about the Laputa people’s rigid adherence to abstract theory, language, architecture and geography, symbolizing inhumanity. Scientists are busy extracting sunlight from cucumbers and turning excrement into food and ice into gunpowder. The architect is engaged in designing a method of building a house with the roof down, symbolizing the impossibility and aimlessness that represents the scientific society founded in 1660. Robert Boyle, Robert Hooke and Isaac Newton were members of the royal society. His main task is to use new methods of science to improve art, etc.

Gulliver’s escape to Glubbdubdrib symbolizes Swift’s attempt to challenge abstract standards of learning. In general, the Ancient Greeks and Romans were considered truly virtuous, where Europeans were somewhat decadent. In addition, the Struldburgs of Luggnagg symbolize human desires. They seek the ultimate benefits of eternal life and old age. Indeed, the wisdom of old age can be used to help humanity, but the immortal Struldburgs only grow more biased and selfish. The extreme sadness of the Struldbrugs and the emptiness of Gulliver’s desire to acquire wealth symbolize Swift’s condemnation of their self-absorbed goals as the condition of small minds that do not belong in good society.

Jonathan Swift narrates Gulliver’s fourth voyage to Honyhnhnms, representing the ideal of rational existence. Here man must be a yahoo, and he is subordinate to the animals. It shows that animals are more cultured or model citizens. Their society is safe from crime, poverty, strife and unhappiness. They are ignorant of passion, joy and ecstatic love. The Honyhnhnms appeal to reason more than to any scripture as a criterion of right action. They do not use force, but give strong advice. All of Gulliver’s grief shows that he has more influence than any other society he visits.

Indeed, this is a bitter criticism of man. Jonathan Swift chose humanity on all three trips, but here he chose animals. Indeed, the Honyhnhnms represent a false and blatant arrogance of human intellect. Gulliver’s sewing of a canoe to collect the hides of the yahoos to escape the island represents his quick cynicism towards the human species. As we discuss further, improving humanity is the main weapon of the cynic or satirist, because every satirist is a reformer by heart.

Indeed, this is what his book looks like in a nutshell. His work requires more attention and more time. It hides a great treasure of the relevant era. Admittedly, his criticism is quick and harsh, but he used it not to exploit people, but to selectively correct their follies.

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