A Term Used To Identify People Speaking Indo-European Languages Urdu – The Language Of Pakistan

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Urdu – The Language Of Pakistan

Urdu is part of the Indo-Aryan group, a subgroup of the Indo-Iranian languages. The language itself is a hybrid of Turkish, Persian, Pashto, Arabic, Sanskrit and Hindi. The greatest influence is from Turkish and Persian, followed by Arabic and Sanskrit. Urdu is very similar to Hindustani (commonly called Hindi). Hindi has more Sanskrit influence than Urdu, but Urdu and Hindi speakers can easily communicate with little effort.

Pronounced as Urdu “Or doo” which means Army or Hordes; this language was created in the Indo-Pak Peninsula about 1000 years ago when soldiers speaking different languages ​​like Turkish, Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, Hindi and other local languages ​​fought together in the armies of Indian rulers at that time. These are the times when the Aryan invaders came from Central Asia and occupied large areas of India. These were the Mughal rulers who came to India through Afghanistan with Turkish cavalry; they recruited soldiers from the areas they passed through. Since then, so many languages ​​were spoken in this army that a new language was born. Since its roots were in the army barracks, it came to be known as Urdu. The first Mughal ruler was Zahir al-Din Babir, and when he attacked India, the Ottomans sent him ten thousand Turkish cavalry. Baber’s army was mostly Persian-speaking, with a large Pashto-speaking group mixed in with the Turkish-speaking cavalry before invading India. Over the years, Urdu developed in the barracks of these soldiers and eventually found itself spoken in most parts of the Mughal Empire, especially by Muslims, and eventually in the Mughal courts where Persian was spoken.

Urdu is very close to Hindi and its grammar is almost identical. Urdu uses the Persian script with a few additions to provide the phonetics of the local languages. The script is also called the Nastaliq style, which is actually a Persian-Arabic script. It is written from right to left, unlike the Roman script, which is written from left to right.

Urdu is spoken by more than 100 million people as a first or second language. Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and one of the 23 official languages ​​of India. The official language of Pakistan is English, but Urdu is also used officially by law enforcement agencies and local governments. It is also widely spoken in parts of Afghanistan and Bangladesh. Urdu speakers are also found in Europe, the United States and the Middle East. It spread in these regions as people migrated to these regions in search of work.

Urdu has four main dialects: Pinjari (Pin Ja ree), Rekhta (Ray kha ta), Deccani (Duck nee) and Khairboli (Khai Boalee). Pinjari, Deccani and Rekhta have almost disappeared, but have probably merged with the modern accent, which is Khairboli. Rekhta had the highest Persian influence, followed by Khairboli and Deccani. Rekhta is the language of Urdu poetry and is therefore considered a dialect. Khairboli is a Modern Vernacular Urdu spoken in Karachi, Delhi and Lucknow. The Pinjari and Deccani languages ​​spoken in Hyderabad and Anderpardesh regions of India have almost disappeared.

Modern modern dialect is Modern Vernacular Urdu. People who speak this language are also called Ahal-e-zuban, (those of the language or languages). People whose first language is Urdu speak Urdu in most parts of Pakistan. People who actually speak Urdu as a second language, especially people from Punjab and Pashto-speaking regions, have a very distinct accent. In the Punjabi regions, the accent is influenced by the Punjabi language and many Punjabi words form the common vocabulary of Urdu in these regions. Pashto speakers have a very neutral accent and are very clear; but most Pashto speakers who speak Urdu are very quick to confuse gender in the language. There is also considerable English influence on Urdu in Pakistan and India. Import, export, original (pronounced as gen wool when used in Urdu), kitchen, bottle, chicken, table, toilet and many more words are used as part of modern Urdu language.

Urdu was acquired in 1751 when the very famous writer Saraj-ud-din Aarzu called it Urdu. The first Urdu book was called “Woh Majlis” (meaning gathering of literary activity) in 1728 and the first Urdu Poet was Ameer Khusro (1253-1325 AD).

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